Physicochemical and functional parameters of Cochlospermum vitifolium (bototo) gum exudate

Maritza Coromoto Martínez, Antonio José Vera, Juan Carlos Parra, Olga Beltrán, Angel Morillo


DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21620/ijfaas.2016242-48

Abstract


The physicochemical parameters of Cochlospermum vitifolium they were evaluated and were linked to certain functional properties of industrial interest. The physicochemical parameters were determined by the classic methodology used for carbohydrates and the functional properties, as reported in the literature. The results obtained showed that the gum object of this study is low soluble in water, which corresponds with relatively high values of swelling indexes and water absorption capacity. Also, the intrinsic viscosity of the C. vitifolium exudate was related to a high molar mass, in the order of 106. Its emulsifying capacity is high, which is attributed to hydrophobic groups present in its structure. The gum gels at a minimum concentration, similar to that of the gum karaya (4.5%), but the gel that forms agglomerates, it is not uniform. The C. vitifolium gum exhibits important physicochemical and functional parameters which could serve as a criterion for testing its use in various industries.


Keywords


Bixaceae; gum; polysaccharide; SEM; MALLS

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